Adire is a traditional African fabric technique which is still made by hand and worn with pleasure on a distant hot continent. Nigerians honor their traditions; every family always has particular kinds of clothes for occasions. Adire can be used for casual wear and special events. Basically, it’s an indigo-dyed cloth that is made by women living in southwestern.
In the Northern States of Nigeria, a unique mineral composition is used as color limiters. Through this way, the production patterns and dying of fabrics are delayed for months, so that the pigment is retained.
Facts that Seems Important to known about Adire
Generally, the Adire circulate with the meaning that follows the homespun fabric of local procedure comes from local yarns. In the Yoruba language, Adire means Frikan batik, textiles that is hand painted textile with vegetable indigo dyes through the various techniques. Also, it is known as the best part of the textile art made by Yoruba tribe women, in the south-eastern part of Nigeria.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a large number of Adire shirt fabrics and the spread of European textiles in Abeokuta as well as other Yoruba cities is imported. Now making Adire becomes the leading art and business card of Yoruba
There are several types of techniques produced by African batik. Before indigo dyeing, a pattern of a thick mass, such as cassava starch is applied to the fabric with the help of hands. The master makes it feathers of domestic birds, named as Old Adire-Eleko. Furthermore, different resist-dyeing techniques are included in this process, not only indigo but also ocher and henna is useful. The technique of applying the pattern on fabric is fulfilled with hot wax or paraffin is also conventional in the dying process.
Use of stamps:
For mass production the use of stamps is applicable. Generally, these are made from the fruits of the Calabash tree, metal boxes and from under imported products (cookies, tea), sometimes just foam rubber. Additionally, the next option is to use raffia palm leaf fibers.
Creation of Pattern:
The pattern is created before dying process through sewing or embroidery. Meanwhile, it is folding in layers, at the time of applying the fabric. After the process of dying and dissolving the threads, unusual patterns are obtained like the tie and dying process.
Modern Time Factor:
In modern times, African batik “Kampala” is popular in Nigeria using a simplified method of applying a pattern of wax by using bright colors and resistant synthetic process. While looking back in history, the earliest type of Adire is probably coming in the purest form like designing in woven ad handspun locally. Meanwhile, in the 20th century, new access is introduced.
Nigeria is also famous for its resist design of two-tone indigo that comes while repeating the dying process with different materials and wash after the final process of dye. Meanwhile, Adire seems one of the best pattern dying Technique.