History of fashion and trade of clothing is not completed without considering the art of Adire in the Southwestern part of Nigeria. In the making process, the Indigo plant extract is useful as a caustic soda, that is indirectly called Kampala.
The Yoruba people famous with travels and trade; however, Adire textile is one of the main reason of occupation for Nigerians. There are three steps of making Adire textile:
- Making Sketch: The first and foremost duty is to create a sketch; it represents the style and design of Adire. A person was making the pattern of designs whether working in a factory or locally. With the advent of a new era, locally produced fabrics have its importance. Day by day, Adire Yoruba gaining popularity and now it becomes the most demanded cloth. The reason for making a sketch is, so it seems natural to evaluate the design and style of textile.
- Use of Hot Liquid Wax: After making a pattern in a piece of paper, it is obliged to use the hot liquid wax to make the pattern of Adire fabric. Due to unique and different styling, many Nigerians love to worn Adire.
- Production and Preparation: In the production of Adire textile, a natural blue dye is involved. Meanwhile, many style and variations occur in the production process. For preparation, a group of women is undertaking for dying and prepare the clothing. In the big earthenware pots, the process of cloth dying is made with the help of indigo and elu leaves. After submerging, the clothes are put off from the pots, oxidize and leaved it for a while, so the desire color comes. For dark color, it is important to dip into the dying pot for a longer time, with the help of mallet, the fabric pounded with a glossy finish.
Getting the Best Adire Textile Result, Consider the Two Formulas:
- Adire Oniko: it is the resist of tie and dying. Several methods include in the Adire Oniko that is much like shibori in which stitching is also included. Considering, the traditional value, thus ties resist is used in the Raffia, with the help of this, it becomes easy to make different pattern, while following simple step like securing, binding, folded of fabrics. If you want some tinny designs, the use of seeds and small stones are preferable.
- Adire Eleko: this technique is similar to the batik resist. Meanwhile, rather than hot wax, the starch paste is considerable. Keep in mind that the starch is applied only in one-sided, so it’s easy to evaluate the right and wrong side of the pattern. It’s a freehand art, that is applied with painted and stencil.
In the making of Adire, men and woman divided their work. For instance, a woman paints the fabric, whereas men cut the stencils. Nowadays, original Adire cloth is too difficult to evaluate because of the fake identity of fabric textile. Before you buy, must check the original Adire clothing that is made by the local people of Nigeria.